World Alzheimer’s Day on Sept. 21 Urges Everyone to Talk About Dementia, End Stigma
Saturday, September 21, 2019
Today is World Alzheimer’s Day, an observance to raise awareness about dementia, which affects 50 million people globally. That number of is predicted to triple by 2050, according to Alzheimer’s Disease International, a federation of nearly 100 Alzheimer associations.
Dementia needs to be recognized is a progressive brain disease that affects memory, thinking, language, recognition, and personality. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia and is ranked the sixth leading cause of death in the nation.
The theme of today and World Alzheimer’s Month is “Let’s talk about dementia” to reduce the stigma. Learn more here about Alzheimer’s:
What is Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia and is ranked the sixth leading cause of death in the nation. It is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer, who in 1906 found abnormal clumps and tangled bundles of fibers in the brain of a woman who suffered memory loss, unpredictable behavior and problems using language before dying, according to the National Institute on Aging (NIH).
Those clumps he found are amyloid plaques and the tangled fibers tau tangles. They are two key features of the disease, along with lost connections between brain nerve cells. In people with Alzheimer’s disease, deposits of proteins form amyloid plaques and tau tangles throughout the brain. Neurons stop functioning and die.
What causes Alzheimer’s Disease?
That is not fully understood, but it’s believed that several factors are involved:
- Age is the best known risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease
- Genetics likely plays a role
- Evidence suggests risk factors for heart disease and stroke, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, may increase the risk for Alzheimer’s disease
- Serious head injuries are linked to future risk of Alzheimer’s
Is there a cure?
Not yet, but there are treatments to slow memory loss and improve people’s quality of life. An early diagnosis may allow for more effective treatment. It also can help in maintaining healthy relationships between the person with Alzheimer’s and their loved ones because the cause of new behaviors is understood.
How would I recognize Alzheimer’s in myself or a loved one?
The NIH provides a list of 10 early signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s:
- Memory loss that disrupts daily life
- Challenges in planning or solving problems
- Difficulty completing familiar tasks
- Confusion about time or place
- Trouble with spacial relationships
- Problems with using words in speaking or writing
- Misplacing things, and not being able to retrace their steps
- Decreased or poor judgement
- Withdrawal from work or social activities
- Changes in mood or personality
How is Alzheimer’s treated?
No medications can reverse Alzheimer’s, but some can slow the progression of symptoms. Medicines and other treatments also are used to treat behavioral symptoms of the disease: sleeplessness, wandering, agitation, anxiety, aggression, restlessness and depression, according to the NIH. Scientists are developing and testing interventions to address the disease itself.
How can people prevent developing Alzheimer’s?
Research shows that a healthy lifestyle supports brain health and may help prevent Alzheimer’s. Here are recommendations from the NIH and the Alzheimer’s Association:
- Exercise regularly, which increases blood and oxygen flow to the brain
- Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes lots of fruits, vegetable and whole grains, and limits sugar and saturated fats
- Spend time with family and friends
- Keep your mind active
- Control your blood pressure and cholesterol
- Manage chronic illnesses like type 2 diabetes
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Get plenty of sleep
- “Fall-proof” your home and wear seatbelts to reduce the risk of head injuries
- Don’t smoke
- Limit alcohol consumption
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